Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
National Taiwan University

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Jer-Ming Hu, Professor (胡哲明 教授)

Title: Professor & Chair

Education: Ph.D., University of California, Davis, U.S.A.
Interest: Plant systematics, plant evolutionary biology

E-mail: jmhu@ntu.edu.tw
Lab: Life Science Building R1227
Tel: +886-2-33662472
Website: http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~jmhu/

Research Interests

  1. Plant systematics of Millettieae
  2. Evolution of non-photosynthetic plants
  3. Plant distribution patterns

Lab Introduction: Plant Evolution Lab

Our lab has been doing three lines of studies, first is on the evolutionary developmental biology of flowers, second is on the plastid genome evolution in non-photosynthetic plants; and third is on phylogenetic systematics.

(1) Evolutionary developmental of flowers. We are interested in transference of function in floral organs, and the putative mechanism behind this phenomenon. In particular, we are interested in the molecular developmental study of petaloid structure in plants. The rationale is based on the study in Arabidopsis that the ectopic expression of petal identity genes in Arabidopsis has shown to be sufficient turning sepals or leaves into petal-like structures. However, we only find weak expression of some, but not all, of the identified B-class genes in the showy bracts of dogwoods (Cornus florida) or calycophylls of Mussaenda pubescens, suggesting a different mechanism existed for controlling the petaloid structure in various plants. This work is still ongoing and several other approaches have been employed to elucidate the mechanism of petaloid formation. We are also interested in the evolution of floral organ identity genes among basal core-eudicots, including Trochodendrales, Santalales, Saxifragaceae (s.s.), and Ranunculales. These plants show vast variations in floral structure and are keys to elucidate the perianth evolution in eudicots. We are examining a putative duplication event of floral organ identity genes among these lineages, as well as the expression patterns of these genes.

(2) Plastid genomes in non-photosynthetic plants. We have selected several non-photosynthetic plants, either parasitic or saprophytic, to examine presence of plastid genome, including Balanophora, Mitrastema, Cheilotheca, and etc. We are also interested to know if they still harbor other photosystem related genes in their nuclear genome.

(3) Phylogenetic systematics. Currently we are working on the phylogenies of Chrysosplenium (Saxifragaceae), Balanophoraceae, and Millettieae (Fabaceae). We are also interested in studies of principles and methods of phylogenetic reconstruction.

Courses offered



Lin, H.-Y., J.-M. Hu, T.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, G. Wang, and T. Wang*. 2018. A dynamic downscaling approach to generate scale-free regional climate data in Taiwan. Taiwania 63: 251-266.

Yang, C.-J.*, S. Tagane, P. Souladeth, N. Okabe, J.-M. Hu, and T. Yahara. 2018. Flora of Nam Kading National Protected Area III: Begonia namkadingensis (Begoniaceae), a new species in limestone area. Phytotaxa 334(2): 195-199.

Erika J. E., D.S. Chatelet, B.-C. Chen, J. Y. Ong, S. Tagane, H. Kanemitsu, K. Tagawa, K. Teramoto, B. Park, K.-F. Chung, J.-M. Hu, T. Yahara, and M. J. Donoghue. 2017. Convergence, consilience, and the evolution of temperate deciduous forests. American Naturalist 190(S1): S87-S104.

Lin, C.-S., J. J.W. Chen, C.-C. Chiu, H.C.W. Hsiao, C.-J. Yang, X. Jin, J. Leebens-Mack, C. dePamphilis, Y.-T. Huang, L.-H. Yang, W.-J. Chang, L. Kui, G. Wong, J.-M. Hu, W. Wang, M.-C. Shih. 2017. Concomitant loss of NDH complex-related genes within chloroplast and nuclear genomes in some orchids. Plant Journal 90(5): 994-1006.

Su, H.-J. and J.-M. Hu*. 2016. The complete chloroplast genome of hemiparasitic flowering plant Schoepfia jasminodora. Mitochondrial DNA Part B 1: 767-769.

Lo, J.-C., Y.-C. Lo, M. Tsednee, S.-C. Yang, J.-M. Hu, K. Ishizaki, T. Kohchi, D.-C. Lee, and K.-C. Yeh. 2016. Evolution analysis of Fe acquisition system in Marchantia polymorpha. New Phytologist 211(2): 569-583.

Su, H.-J., J.-M. Hu, F. E. Anderson, J. Der, D. L. Nickrent*. 2015. Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae. Taxon 64(3): 491-506.

Tseng, Y. H. and J.-M. Hu*. 2015. Taxonomic revision of Elatostema J. R. Forst. & G. Forst. (Urticaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 60: 23-32.

Yang, Y.-T., D.-Y. Lee, Y. Wang, J.-M. Hu, W.-H. Li, J.-H. Leu, G.-D. Chang, H.-M. Ke, S.-T. Kand, S.-S. Lin, G.-H. Kou, and C.-F. Lo*. 2014. The genome and occlusion bodies of marine Penaeus monodon nudivirus (PmNV, also known as MBV and PemoNPV) suggest that it should be assigned to a new nudivirus genus that is distinct from the terrestrial nudiviruses. BMC Genomics 15:628.

Sun, P.-L., C.-A. Mu, C.-C. Fan, Y.-C. Fan, J.-M. Hu, and Y.-M. Ju*. 2014. Cat favus caused by Microsporum incurvatum comb. nov.: the clinical and histopathological features, and molecular phylogeny. Medical Mycology 52: 276-284.

Tseng, Y.-H. and J.-M. Hu*. 2014. A new hybrid from Taiwan, Elatostema xhybrida (Urticaceae), is the first confirmed natural hybrid for Urticaceae. Phytotaxa 161(1): 43-60.

Ku, C. and J.-M. Hu*. 2014. Phylogenetic and cophylogenetic analyses of the leaf-nodule symbiosis in Ardisia subgenus Crispardisia (Myrsinaceae): evidence from nuclear and chloroplast markers and bacterial rrn operons. International Journal of Plant Sciences 175(1): 92-109.

Shyu, S.-Y. and J.-M. Hu*. 2013. Comparison of six DNA extraction procedures and the application of plastid DNA isolation methods in non-photosynthetic plants. Taiwania 58(4): 268-274.

Ku, C., J.-M. Hu, and C.-H. Kuo*. 2013. Complete plastid genome sequence of the basal Asterid Ardisia polysticta Miq. and comparative analyses of Asterid plastid genomes. PLoS ONE 8(4): e62548.

Yang, W.-C., J.-M. Hu*, and L.-S. Chou*. 2013. Sequence analyses of MHC Class II DQB gene in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops spp.) and the other delphinid species from the western Pacific. Taiwan Veterinary Journal 39(2): 100-109.

Su, H.-J. and J.-M. Hu*. 2012. Rate heterogeneity in six protein-coding genes from the holoparasite Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) and other Santalales taxa. Annals of Botany 110: 1137-1147.

Su, H.-J., J. Murata, and J.-M. Hu*. 2012. Morphology and phylogenetics of two holoparasitic plants, Balanophora japonica and Balanophora yakushimensis (Balanophoraceae), and their hosts in Taiwan and Japan. Journal of Plant Research 125: 317-326.

Pan, Z.-J., C.-C. Cheng, W.-C. Tsai, M.-C. Chung, W.-H. Chen, J.-M. Hu*, and H.-H. Chen*. 2011. The duplicated B-class MADS-box genes display dualistic characters in orchid floral organ identity and growth. Plant Cell Physiology 52: 1515-1531.

Wang, Y.-C. and J.-M. Hu*. 2011. Cryptic dioecy of Symplocos wikstroemiifolia Hayata (Symplocaceae) in Taiwan. Botanical Studies 52: 479-491.

Yang, W.-C., J.-M. Hu, and L.-S. Chou*. 2010. Phylogenetic analyses of MHC class II genes in bottlenose dolphins and their terrestrial relatives reveal pathogen-driven directional selection. Zoological Studies 49: 132-151.

Huang, J.-Y. and J.-M. Hu*. 2009. Revision of Rubus (Rosaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 54: 285-310.

Fu, H.-C., J.-M. Hu, T.-H. Hung, H.-J. Su, and H.-H. Yeh*. 2009. Unusual events involved in Banana bunchy top virus strain evolution. Phytopathology 99: 812-822.

Tseng, Y.-H., C.-F. Hsieh, and J.-M. Hu*. 2008. Incidences and ecological correlates of dioecious angiosperms in Taiwan and its outlying Orchid Island. Botanical Studies 49: 261-276.

Yang, W.-C., J.-M. Hu*, and L.-S. Chou*. 2008. Sequence variation of MHC Class II DQB gene in bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) from Taiwanese waters. Taiwania 53: 42-50.

Chang, C.-S., Y.-H. Li, L.-T. Chen, W.-C. Chen, W.-P. Hsieh, J. Shin, W.-N. Jane, S.-J. Chou, G. Choi, J.-M. Hu, S. Somerville, S.-H. Wu*. 2008. LZF1, a HY5-regulated transcriptional factor, functions in Arabidopsis de-etiolation. Plant Journal 54: 205-219.

Yang, W.-C., L.-S. Chou, and J.-M. Hu*. 2007. Molecular characterization of major histocompatibility complex class II DQB and DRB genes in bottleneck dolphins (Tursiops truncatus and T. aduncus) from the Western Pacific. Zoological Studies 46: 664-679.

Wu, H.-C., H.-J. Su, and J.-M. Hu*. 2007. The identification of A-, B-, C-, and E-class MADS-box genes and implications for perianth evolution in the basal eudicot Trochodendron aralioides (Trochodendraceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences168: 775-799.

Hu, J.-M.*, H.-C. Fu, C.-H. Lin, H.-J. Su, and H.-H. Yeh. 2007. Reassortment and concerted evolution in banana bunchy top virus genome. Journal of Virology 81: 1746-1761.

Kramer, E. M.*, H.-J. Su, C.-C. Wu, and J.-M. Hu. 2006. A simplified explanation for the frameshift mutation that created a novel C-terminal motif in the APETALA3 gene lineage. BMC Evolutionary Biology 6: 30.

Chuang, S.-L. and Hu, J.-M.* 2004. The evolution of chloroplast matK genes, including identification of new homologues from Ophioglossum petiolatum and two lycophytes. Taiwania 49(4): 273-291.

Hu, J.-M.* and Chang S.-P. 2003. Two new members of the Callerya group (Fabaceae) based on phylogenetic analysis of rbcL sequences: Endosamara racemosa (Roxb.) Geesink and Callerya vasta (Kosterm.) Schot. Taiwania 48(2): 118-128.

Hu, J.-M.*, M. Lavin, M. F. Wojciechowski, and M. J. Sanderson. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear ribosomal ITS/5.8S sequences in the tribe Millettieae (Fabaceae): Poecilanthe-Cyclolobium, the core Millettieae, and the Callerya group. Systematic Botany 27(4): 722-733.

Pennington, T., M. Lavin, H. Ireland, B. Klitgaard, J. Preston, and J.-M. Hu. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of basal papilionoid legumes based on sequences of the chloroplast trnL intron. Systematic Botany 26(3): 537-556.

Sanderson, M. J., M. F. Wojciechowski, J.-M. Hu, T. Sher Khan, and S. G. Brady. 2000. Error, bias and long branch attraction in data for two chloroplast photosystem genes in seed plants. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17(5): 782-797.

Hu, J.-M.*, M. Lavin, M. Wojciechowski, and M. J. Sanderson. 2000. Phylogenetic systematics of the tribe Millettieae (Leguminosae) based on trnK/matK sequences, and its implications for the evolutionary patterns in Papilionoideae. American Journal of Botany 87(3): 418-430.

Wojciechowski, M., M. J. Sanderson, and J.-M. Hu. 1999. Evidence on the monophyly of Astragalus (Fabaceae) and its major subgroups based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS and chloroplast DNA trnL intron data. Systematic Botany 24(3): 409-437.

Lavin, M., E. Eshbaugh, J.-M. Hu, S. Mathews, and R. A. Sharrock. 1998. Monophyletic subgroups of the tribe Millettieae (Leguminosae) as revealed by phytochrome nucleotide sequence data. American Journal of Botany 85(3): 412-433.

Fu, J.-F., J.-M. Hu, Y.-S. Chang, and S.-T. Liu. 1998. Isolation and characterization of plasmid pSW200 from Erwinia stewartii. Plasmid 40: 100-112.

Book or book sections

Yang, C.-J. and J.-M. Hu. 2018. Bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis in flowering plants. In E. Rigobelo (ed.) Symbiosis. InTechOpen. Available from: https://www.intechopen.com/books/symbiosis/bacterial-leaf-nodule-symbiosis-in-flowering-plants.

胡哲明。2016。可可李科、使君子科、山茱萸科、第倫桃科、杜英科、大戟科、豆科、大葉草科、茶茱萸科、玉蕊科、火筒樹科、馬錢科、桑寄生科、黃褥花科、紫金牛科、遠志科、薔薇科、清風藤科、林仙科。In 邱文良等(編),索羅門群島植物圖鑑。國立自然科學博物館。


胡哲明。2013。華萊士和達爾文的交錯人生。In 丁宗蘇等著,華萊士- 一個科學與人文的先行者。國立臺灣博物館出版。

胡哲明。2013。第9章,生殖系統。In 邱文良、蔣鎮宇等編,植物系統分類學。

胡哲明。2013。第5章,系統分類學原理及方法。In 邱文良、蔣鎮宇等編,植物系統分類學。

Yang, W.-C., L.-S. Chou, and J.-M. Hu. 2012. Sequence analysis of MHC class II genes in Cetaceans. In: Abdel-Salam (ed.), Histocompatibility. pp. 117-132.

胡哲明,孔祥璿。2011。台灣水青岡的遺傳變異。In 陳子英等著,台灣水青岡-冰河孑遺的夏綠林。行政院農業委員會林務局。150-163頁。

Hu, J.-M. and H.-H. Yeh. 2011. Babuvirus. In C. Tidona and G. Darai (eds.), The Springer index of viruses. Springer, New York.



胡哲明,呂佳穎。2005。花非花,葉非葉。In 謝豐舟等編著,從基因體科學到基因體醫學,245-249頁。力大圖書,台北。

Hu, J.-M. 2000. The phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Millettieae – the current status. In: A. Bruneau and P. Herendeen (eds), Advance in Legume Systematics, vol. 9: 299-310.

General articles (mostly in Mandarin)

胡哲明,楊承瑞。2018。硃砂根的傳家寶。科學人 198: 94-95。

胡哲明。2015。植物學標本。In 臺大博物館群編著。國立臺灣大學出版中心。

胡哲明。2014。花園裡的誘惑與機心。臺灣博物季刊122(33): 6-11。

胡哲明。2012。腳邊的綠色小雨傘-臺灣常見的地錢類植物。國家公園季刊2012.06: 89-91。

胡哲明。2010。花的極限-最大v.s.最小。科學月刊490: 744-749。

黃俊溢,胡哲明。2010。真真假假的雄蕊。科學月刊490: 762-764。

胡哲明。2009。花園裡的心機-植物的性別與演化。科學月刊477: 688-693。

胡哲明。2009。重現侏儸紀公園:演化學家的綺夢還是惡夢?臺灣博物 28(1): 22-25。

黃俊溢,胡哲明。2009。花瓣不張開的懸鉤子。科學人 86: 110-111。

胡哲明,呂佳穎。2005。花非花,葉非葉? in F.-C. Hsieh (ed.) From genomics to genomic medicine. Pp. 245-249.

en/jmhu/start.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/21 14:08 by 胡哲明 (Jer-Ming Hu)